Welcome to Cavendish Square Gardens
Cavendish Square Garden is a formal London Square, laid out on a circular plan enclosed with a perimeter hedge, containing a central plinth.
Informal clusters of mature trees provide partial shade and shelter in summer with ornamental garden lawns, shrubs and flower beds. It is located in the north west corner of Oxford Circus and is directly across Oxford Street from Hanover Square. It can be considered one of the West End’s green oases providing an easily accessible contrast to the hectic hustle and bustle of nearby Oxford Street.
Cavendish Square was first developed in 1717 by the 2nd Earl of Oxford for his wife Henrietta Cavendish-Hollace. Cavendish Square became popularised by references to it in books by Charles Dickens, including Nicholas Nickleby, Little Dorrit and Barnaby Rudge. The square once contained the statue of William Duke of Cumberland who defeated the Bonnie Prince Charles at the battle of Culloden. This statue was removed in the late 19th century. The other statue in the square is that of Lord George Bentinck a late 19th century Conservative MP.
The grandeose facades of some of the houses on the north side of the Square are remnants of a mansion begun in 1720 for the Duke of Chandos. Past residents of the square include Nelson who lived there in 1787.
The garden was originally a simple circle of grass with sheep grazing upon it. This was then developed into a designed garden by the English garden designer Charles Bridgeman.
In 1971 a large underground car park was built beneath the Square. At this same time the gardens were re-designed by Urban Designer and Landscape Architect Michael Brown, and many references to his approach and design style remain in the gardens today, for example the engineering brick paving.
The garden now includes a low circular grass mound which creates a key feature in its own right and during the summer months is popular with sunbathers.
Opening hours: 8:00 – dusk. Disabled access
If you would like to hold an event or film in this park please visit the Special Events website at www.westminster.gov.uk/specialevents or call 020 7641 2390.